Eole Air Passion

AIRCREW - Licences de Pilote et Certifications Diverses

Règlement Européen n° 1178/2011 AIRCREW : Licences de Pilote et Certifications Diverses
Consolidé au 08/04/2020

Annexe I : [PART FCL] - Flight Crew Licencing

SUBPART B – LIGHT AIRCRAFT PILOT LICENCE – LAPL

SECTION 1 – COMMON REQUIREMENTS

FCL.100 LAPL – Minimum age - Regulation (EU) 2020/359

Applicants for the LAPL for aeroplanes or helicopters shall be at least 17 years old.

FCL.105 LAPL – Privileges and conditions - Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011

  1. General. The privileges of the holder of an LAPL are to act without remuneration as PIC in non-commercial operations on the appropriate aircraft category.
  2. Conditions. Applicants for the LAPL shall have fulfilled the requirements for the relevant aircraft category and, when applicable, for the class or type of aircraft used in the skill test.

FCL.110 LAPL – Crediting for the same aircraft category - Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011

  1. Applicants for an LAPL who have held another licence in the same category of aircraft shall be fully credited towards the requirements of the LAPL in that category of aircraft.
  2. Without prejudice to the paragraph above, if the licence has lapsed, the applicant shall have to pass a skill test in accordance with FCL.125 for the issue of an LAPL in the appropriate aircraft category.

FCL.115 LAPL – Training course - Regulation (EU) 2019/1747

  1. Applicants for an LAPL shall complete a training course at a DTO or an ATO.
  2. The course shall include theoretical knowledge and flight instruction appropriate to the privileges of the LAPL applied for.
  3. Theoretical knowledge instruction and flight instruction may be completed at a DTO or at an ATO different from the one where applicants have commenced their training.
  4. For the training for the single-engine piston aeroplanes-sea class privilege, the elements of Appendix 9 to this Annex, point 7 (Class ratings – sea) of Section B (Specific requirements for the aeroplane category) shall be considered.

AMC1 FCL.115 LAPL(A) – Training course - ED Decision 2020/005/R

FLIGHT INSTRUCTION FOR THE LAPL (A)

  1. Entry to training
  2. Before being accepted for training an applicant should be informed that the appropriate medical certificate must be obtained before solo flying is permitted.

  3. Flight instruction
    1. The LAPL (A) flight instruction syllabus should takes into account the principles of threat and error management and also cover:
      1. pre-flight operations, including mass and balance determination, aircraft inspection and servicing;
      2. aerodrome and traffic pattern operations, collision avoidance precautions and procedures;
      3. control of the aircraft by external visual reference;
      4. flight at critically low air speeds, recognition of, and recovery from, incipient and full stalls;
      5. flight at critically high air speeds, recognition of, and recovery from, spiral dive;
      6. normal and crosswind take-offs and landings;
      7. maximum performance (short field and obstacle clearance) take-offs, short-field landings;
      8. cross-country flying using visual reference, dead reckoning and radio navigation aids;
      9. emergency operations, including simulated aeroplane equipment malfunctions;
      10. operations to, from and transiting controlled aerodromes, compliance with air traffic services procedures and communication procedures.
    2. Before allowing applicants to undertake their first solo flight, the FI should ensure that the applicants can use R/T communication can operate the required systems and equipment.
  4. Syllabus of flight instruction
    1. The numbering of exercises should be used primarily as an exercise reference list and as a broad instructional sequencing guide; therefore the demonstrations and practices need not necessarily be given in the order listed. The actual order and content will depend upon the following interrelated factors:
      1. the applicant’s progress and ability;
      2. the weather conditions affecting the flight;
      3. the flight time available;
      4. instructional technique considerations;
      5. the local operating environment;
      6. applicability of the exercises to the aeroplane or TMG type.
    2. Each of the exercises involves the need for the applicant to be aware of the needs of good airmanship and look-out, which should be emphasised at all times.
      1. Exercise 1a: Familiarisation with the aeroplane or TMG:
        1. characteristics of the aeroplane or TMG;
        2. cockpit layout;
        3. systems;
        4. checklists, drills and controls.
      2. Exercise 1b: Emergency drills:
        1. action if fire on the ground and in the air;
        2. engine cabin and electrical system fire;
        3. systems failure;
        4. escape drills, location and use of emergency equipment and exits.
      3. Exercise 2: Preparation for and action after flight:
        1. flight authorisation and aeroplane or TMG acceptance;
        2. serviceability documents;
        3. equipment required, maps, etc.;
        4. external checks;
        5. internal checks;
        6. harness, seat or rudder panel adjustments;
        7. starting and warm-up checks;
        8. power checks;
        9. running down system checks and switching off the engine;
        10. parking, security and picketing (for example tie down);
        11. completion of authorisation sheet and serviceability documents.
      4. Exercise 3: Air experience: flight exercise.
      5. Exercise 4: Effects of controls:
        1. primary effects when laterally level and when banked;
        2. further effects of aileron and rudder;
        3. effects of:
          1. air speed;
          2. slipstream;
          3. power;
          4. trimming controls;
          5. flaps;
          6. other controls, as applicable.
        4. operation of:
          1. mixture control;
          2. carburettor heat;
          3. cabin heating or ventilation.
      6. Exercise 5a: Taxiing:
        1. pre-taxi checks;
        2. starting, control of speed and stopping;
        3. engine handling;
        4. control of direction and turning;
        5. turning in confined spaces;
        6. parking area procedure and precautions;
        7. effects of wind and use of flying controls;
        8. effects of ground surface;
        9. freedom of rudder movement;
        10. marshalling signals;
        11. instrument checks;
        12. air traffic control procedures.
      7. Exercise 5b: Emergencies: brake and steering failure.
      8. Exercise 6: Straight and level:
        1. at normal cruising power, attaining and maintaining straight and level flight;
        2. flight at critically high air speeds;
        3. demonstration of inherent stability;
        4. control in pitch, including use of trim;
        5. lateral level, direction and balance, trim;
        6. at selected air speeds (use of power);
        7. during speed and configuration changes;
        8. use of instruments for precision.
      9. Exercise 7: Climbing:
        1. entry, maintaining the normal and max rate climb, levelling off;
        2. levelling off at selected altitudes;
        3. en-route climb (cruise climb);
        4. climbing with flap down;
        5. recovery to normal climb;
        6. maximum angle of climb;
        7. use of instruments for precision.
      10. Exercise 8: Descending:
        1. entry, maintaining and levelling off;
        2. levelling off at selected altitudes;
        3. glide, powered and cruise descent (including effect of power and air speed);
        4. side slipping (on suitable types);
        5. use of instruments for precision flight.
      11. Exercise 9: Turning:
        1. entry and maintaining medium level turns;
        2. resuming straight flight;
        3. faults in the turn (in correct pitch, bank and balance);
        4. climbing turns;
        5. descending turns;
        6. slipping turns (for suitable types);
        7. turns onto selected headings, use of gyro heading indicator and compass;
        8. use of instruments for precision.
      12. Exercise 10a: Slow flight:
      13. Note: the objective is to improve the student’s ability to recognise inadvertent flight at critically low speeds and provide practice in maintaining the aeroplane or TMG in balance while returning to normal air speed.

        1. safety checks;
        2. introduction to slow flight;
        3. controlled flight down to critically slow air speed;
        4. application of full power with correct attitude and balance to achieve normal climb speed.
      14. Exercise 10b: Stalling:
        1. safety checks;
        2. symptoms;
        3. recognition;
        4. clean stall and recovery without power and with power;
        5. recovery when a wing drops;
        6. approach to stall in the approach and in the landing configurations, with and without power and recovery at the incipient stage.
      15. Exercise 11: Spin avoidance:
        1. safety checks;
        2. stalling and recovery at the incipient spin stage (stall with excessive wing drop, about 45°);
        3. instructor induced distractions during the stall.
      16. Exercise 12: Take-off and climb to downwind position:
        1. pre-take-off checks;
        2. into wind take-off;
        3. safeguarding the nose wheel (if applicable);
        4. crosswind take-off;
        5. drills during and after take-off;
        6. short take-off and soft field procedure or techniques including performance calculations;
        7. noise abatement procedures.
      17. Exercise 13: Circuit, approach and landing:
        1. circuit procedures, downwind and base leg;
        2. powered approach and landing;
        3. safeguarding the nose wheel (if applicable);
        4. effect of wind on approach and touchdown speeds and use of flaps;
        5. crosswind approach and landing;
        6. glide approach and landing;
        7. short landing and soft field procedures or techniques;
        8. flapless approach and landing;
        9. wheel landing (tail wheel aeroplanes);
        10. missed approach and go-around;
        11. noise abatement procedures.
      18. Exercise 12/13: Emergencies:
        1. abandoned take-off;
        2. engine failure after take-off;
        3. mislanding and go-around;
        4. missed approach.
        5. Note: in the interests of safety, it will be necessary for pilots trained on nose wheel aeroplanes or TMGs to undergo dual conversion training before flying tail wheel aeroplanes or TMGs, and vice versa.

      19. Exercise 14: First solo:
        1. instructor’s briefing including limitations;
        2. use of required equipment;
        3. observation of flight and de-briefing by instructor.
        4. Note: during flights immediately following the solo circuit consolidation the following should be revised:

        5. procedures for leaving and rejoining the circuit;
        6. the local area, restrictions, map reading;
        7. use of radio aids for homing;
        8. turns using magnetic compass, compass errors.
      20. Exercise 15: Advanced turning:
        1. steep turns (45 °), level and descending;
        2. stalling in the turn and recovery;
        3. recoveries from unusual attitudes, including spiral dives.
      21. Exercise 16: Forced landing without power:
        1. forced landing procedure;
        2. choice of landing area, provision for change of plan;
        3. gliding distance;
        4. descent plan;
        5. key positions;
        6. engine cooling;
        7. engine failure checks;
        8. use of radio;
        9. base leg;
        10. final approach;
        11. landing;
        12. actions after landing.
      22. Exercise 17: Precautionary landing:
        1. full procedure away from aerodrome to break-off height;
        2. occasions necessitating a precautionary landing;
        3. in-flight conditions;
        4. landing area selection:
          1. normal aerodrome;
          2. disused aerodrome;
          3. ordinary field.
        5. circuit and approach;
        6. actions after landing.
      23. Exercise 18a: Navigation:
        1. flight planning:
          1. weather forecast and actuals;
          2. map selection and preparation:
            1. choice of route;
            2. airspace structure;
            3. safety altitudes.
          3. calculations:
            1. magnetic heading(s) and time(s) en-route;
            2. fuel consumption;
            3. mass and balance;
            4. mass and performance.
          4. flight information:
            1. NOTAMs, etc.;
            2. radio frequencies;
            3. selection of alternate aerodromes.
          5. aeroplane or TMG documentation;
          6. notification of the flight:
            1. pre-flight administrative procedures;
            2. flight plan form.
        2. departure:
          1. organisation of cockpit workload;
          2. departure procedures:
            1. altimeter settings;
            2. ATC liaison in regulated airspace;
            3. setting heading procedure;
            4. noting of ETAs.
          3. maintenance of altitude and heading;
          4. revisions of ETA and heading;
          5. log keeping;
          6. use of radio;
          7. minimum weather conditions for continuation of flight;
          8. in-flight decisions;
          9. transiting controlled or regulated airspace;
          10. diversion procedures;
          11. uncertainty of position procedure;
          12. lost procedure.
        3. arrival and aerodrome joining procedure:
          1. ATC liaison in regulated airspace;
          2. altimeter setting;
          3. entering the traffic pattern;
          4. circuit procedures;
          5. parking;
          6. security of aeroplane or TMG;
          7. refuelling;
          8. closing of flight plan, if appropriate;
          9. post-flight administrative procedures.
      24. Exercise 18b: Navigation problems at lower levels and in reduced visibility:
        1. actions before descending;
        2. hazards (for example obstacles, and terrain);
        3. difficulties of map reading;
        4. effects of wind and turbulence;
        5. vertical situational awareness (avoidance of controlled flight into terrain);
        6. avoidance of noise sensitive areas;
        7. joining the circuit;
        8. bad weather circuit and landing.
      25. Exercise 18c: Radio navigation (basics):
        1. use of GNSS or VOR/ADF:
          1. selection of waypoints or stations;
          2. to or from indications and orientation;
          3. error messages.
        2. use of VHF/DF:
          1. availability, AIP and frequencies;
          2. R/T procedures and ATC liaison;
          3. obtaining a QDM and homing.
        3. use of en-route or terminal radar:
          1. availability and AIP;
          2. procedures and ATC liaison;
          3. pilot’s responsibilities;
          4. secondary surveillance radar:
            1. transponders;
            2. code selection;
            3. interrogation and reply.
      26. Exercise 19: Stopping and restarting the engine (in the case of TMGs only):
        1. engine cooling;
        2. switching-off procedure;
        3. restarting of the engine.

AMC2 FCL.115 LAPL(H) Training course - ED Decision 2020/005/R

Voir règlementation.

AMC1 FCL.115(c) LAPL – Training course - ED Decision 2018/009/R

CHANGE OF TRAINING ORGANISATION

In cases where the applicant completes the training course (theoretical knowledge instruction or flight instruction) at a different DTO or ATO (‘completing training organisation’) from the one where they have started the training course (‘starting training organisation’), the applicant should request from the starting training organisation a copy of the records kept in accordance with point DTO.GEN.220 or point ORA.ATO.120.

FCL.120 LAPL – Theoretical knowledge examination - Regulation (EU) 2020/359

  1. Applicants for an LAPL shall demonstrate a level of theoretical knowledge appropriate to the privileges granted, through examinations on the following:
    1. common subjects:
      • Air law,
      • Human performance
      • Meteorology,
      • Communications, and
      • Navigation.
    2. specific subjects concerning the different aircraft categories:
      • Principles of flight,
      • Operational procedures,
      • Flight performance and planning, and
      • Aircraft general knowledge.

AMC1 FCL.115; FCL.120 LAPL training course and theoretical knowledge examination - ED Decision 2020/005/R

SYLLABUS OF THEORETICAL KNOWLEDGE FOR THE LAPL

  1. The training and examination should cover aspects related to non-technical skills in an integrated manner, taking into account the particular risks associated with the licence and the activity. The DTO or the ATO responsible for the training has to check if all the appropriate elements of the training course of theoretical knowledge instruction have been completed to a satisfactory standard before recommending the applicant for the examination.
  2. The following tables contain the syllabi for the courses of theoretical knowledge, as well as for the theoretical knowledge examinations for the LAPL(B) and LAPL(S). The syllabi for the theoretical knowledge instruction and examination for the PPL(A) and PPL(H) in AMC1 FCL.210; FCL.215 should be used for the LAPL(A) and the LAPL(H), respectively.
  1. COMMON SUBJECTS
  2. [FOR LAPL(S) AND LAPL(B)]

  3. ADDITIONAL SUBJECTS FOR EACH CATEGORY
    1. SAILPLANES
    2. BALLOONS

FCL.125 LAPL – Skill test - Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011

  1. Applicants for an LAPL shall demonstrate through the completion of a skill test the ability to perform, as PIC on the appropriate aircraft category, the relevant procedures and manoeuvres with competency appropriate to the privileges granted.
  2. Applicants for the skill test shall have received flight instruction on the same class or type of aircraft to be used for the skill test. The privileges will be restricted to the class or type used for the skill test until further extensions are endorsed on the licence, in accordance with this Subpart.
  3. Pass marks
    1. The skill test shall be divided into different sections, representing all the different phases of flight appropriate to the category of aircraft flown.
    2. Failure in any item of a section will cause the applicant to fail the entire section. If the applicant fails only 1 section, he/she shall repeat only that section. Failure in more than 1 section will cause the applicant to fail the entire test.
    3. When the test needs to be repeated in accordance with (2), failure in any section, including those that have been passed on a previous attempt, will cause the applicant to fail the entire test.
    4. Failure to achieve a pass in all sections of the test in 2 attempts will require further practical training.

AMC1 FCL.120; FCL.125 - ED Decision 2011/016/R

THEORETICAL KNOWLEDGE EXAMINATION AND SKILL TEST FOR THE LAPL

  1. Theoretical knowledge examination
    1. The examinations should be in written form and should comprise a total of 120 multiple-choice questions covering all the subjects.
    2. For the subject ‘communication’ practical classroom testing may be conducted.
    3. The competent authority should inform applicants of the language(s) in which the examinations will be conducted.
  2. Skill test
    1. Further training may be required following any failed skill test or part thereof. There should be no limit to the number of skill tests that may be attempted.
  3. Conduct of the test
    1. If the applicant chooses to terminate a skill test for reasons considered inadequate by the FE, the applicant should retake the entire skill test. If the test is terminated for reasons considered adequate by the FE, only those sections not completed should be tested in a further flight.
    2. Any manoeuvre or procedure of the test may be repeated once by the applicant. The FE may stop the test at any stage if it is considered that the applicant’s demonstration of flying skill requires a complete retest.
    3. An applicant should be required to fly the aircraft from a position where the PIC functions can be performed and to carry out the test as if there is no other crew member. Responsibility for the flight should be allocated in accordance with national regulations.

AMC1 FCL.125 LAPL – Skill test - ED Decision 2011/016/R

CONTENTS OF THE SKILL TEST FOR THE ISSUE OF A LAPL(A)

  1. The route to be flown for the skill test should be chosen by the FE. The route should end at the aerodrome of departure or at another aerodrome. The applicant should be responsible for the flight planning and should ensure that all equipment and documentation for the execution of the flight are on board. The navigation section of the test should have a duration of at least 30 minutes which allows the pilot to demonstrate his/her ability to complete a route with at least two identified waypoints and may, as agreed between applicant and FE, be flown as a separate test.
  2. An applicant should indicate to the FE the checks and duties carried out, including the identification of radio facilities. Checks should be completed in accordance with the flight manual or the authorised checklist for the aeroplane or TMG on which the test is being taken. During pre-flight preparation for the test the applicant should be required to determine power settings and speeds. Performance data for take-off, approach and landing should be calculated by the applicant in compliance with the operations manual or flight manual for the aeroplane or TMG used.

FLIGHT TEST TOLERANCE

  1. The applicant should demonstrate the ability to:
    1. operate the aeroplane or TMG within its limitations;
    2. complete all manoeuvres with smoothness and accuracy;
    3. exercise good judgment and airmanship;
    4. apply aeronautical knowledge;
    5. maintain control of the aeroplane or TMG at all times in such a manner that the successful outcome of a procedure or manoeuvre is never seriously in doubt.
  2. The following limits are for general guidance. The FE should make allowance for turbulent conditions and the handling qualities and performance of the aeroplane or TMG used:
    1. height: normal flight ± 150 ft
    2. speed:
      1. take-off and approach +15/-5 knots
      2. all other flight regimes ± 15 knots

CONTENT OF THE SKILL TEST

  1. The skill test contents and sections set out in this AMC should be used for the skill test for the issue of a LAPL(A):
SECTION 1 PRE-FLIGHT OPERATIONS AND DEPARTURE
Use of checklist, airmanship, control of aeroplane or TMG by external visual reference, anti/de-icing procedures, etc. apply in all sections.
a Pre-flight documentation, NOTAM and weather briefing
b Mass and balance and performance calculation
c Aeroplane or TMG inspection and servicing
d Engine starting and after starting procedures
e Taxiing and aerodrome procedures, pre-take-off procedures
f Take-off and after take-off checks
g Aerodrome departure procedures
h ATC liaison: compliance
SECTION 2 GENERAL AIRWORK
a ATC liaison
b Straight and level flight, with speed changes
c Climbing:
  1. best rate of climb;
  2. climbing turns
  3. levelling off.
d Medium (30° bank) turns, look-out procedures and collision avoidance
e Steep (45° bank) turns
f Flight at critically low air speed with and without flaps
g

Stalling:

  1. clean stall and recover with power;
  2. approach to stall descending turn with bank angle 20°, approach configuration;
  3. approach to stall in landing configuration.
h

Descending:

  1. with and without power;
  2. descending turns (steep gliding turns);
  3. levelling off.
SECTION 3 EN-ROUTE PROCEDURES
a Flight plan, dead reckoning and map reading
b Maintenance of altitude, heading and speed
c Orientation, airspace structure, timing and revision of ETAs, log keeping
d Diversion to alternate aerodrome (planning and implementation)
e Flight management (checks, fuel systems, carburettor icing, etc.)
f ATC liaison: compliance
SECTION 4 APPROACH AND LANDING PROCEDURES
a Aerodrome arrival procedures
b Collision avoidance (look-out procedures)
c Precision landing (short field landing) and crosswind, if suitable conditions available
d Flapless landing (if applicable)
e Approach to landing with idle power
f Touch and go
g Go-around from low height
h ATC liaison
i Actions after flight
SECTION 5 ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
This section may be combined with Sections 1 through 4
a Simulated engine failure after take-off
b (*) Simulated forced landing
c (*) Simulated precautionary landing
d Simulated emergencies
e Oral questions

(*) These items may be combined, at the discretion of the FE.

AMC2 FCL.125 LAPL(H) – Skill test - ED Decision 2011/016/R

CONTENTS OF THE SKILL TEST FOR THE ISSUE OF A LAPL(H)

Voir règlementation

AMC1 FCL.125; FCL.235 LAPL(S) AND SPL – Skill test - ED Decision 2011/016/R

CONTENTS OF THE SKILL TEST FOR THE ISSUE OF A LAPL(S) AND OF AN SPL

Voir règlementation

AMC2 FCL.125; FCL.235 LAPL(B) AND A BPL – Skill test - ED Decision 2011/016/R

CONTENTS OF THE SKILL TEST FOR THE ISSUE OF A LAPL(B) AND A BPL

Voir règlementation

SECTION 2 – SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR THE LAPL FOR AEROPLANES – LAPL(A)

FCL.105.A LAPL(A) – Privileges and conditions - Regulation (EU) 2019/1747

  1. Privileges
  2. The privileges of the holder of an LAPL for aeroplanes are to act as PIC on single-engine piston aeroplanes-land (SEP(land)), single-engine piston aeroplanes-sea (SEP(sea)) or TMG with a maximum certificated take-off mass of 2000 kg or less, carrying a maximum of 3 passengers, such that there are always a maximum of 4 persons on board of the aircraft.

  3. Conditions
    1. Holders of a LAPL(A) shall carry passengers only if they have completed 10 hours of flight time as PIC on aeroplanes or TMG after the issuance of the licence.
    2. Holders of a LAPL(A) who previously held an ATPL(A), an MPL(A), a CPL(A) or a PPL(A), are exempted from the requirements laid down in point (b)(1).

AMC1 FCL.105.A(b)(2) Privileges and conditions - ED Decision 2020/005/R

In the case of previous MPL(A) holders, only those who extended their MPL(A) to include CPL privileges or PPL privileges in accordance with point FCL.405.A(b) may benefit from the exemption of point FCL.105.A(b)(2).

FCL.110.A LAPL(A) – Experience requirements and crediting - Regulation (EU) 2020/359

  1. Applicants for an LAPL(A) shall have completed at least 30 hours of flight instruction on aeroplanes or TMGs, including at least:
    1. 15 hours of dual flight instruction in the class in which the skill test will be taken;
    2. 6 hours of supervised solo flight time, including at least 3 hours of solo cross-country flight time with at least 1 cross-country flight of at least 150 km (80 NM), during which 1 full stop landing at an aerodrome different from the aerodrome of departure shall be made.
  2. Specific requirements for applicants who hold an SPL issued in accordance with Annex III (Part-SFCL) to Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1976, including privileges to fly TMGs. Applicants for an LAPL(A) who hold an SPL with the privileges to fly TMGs shall have completed at least 21 hours of flight time on TMGs after the endorsement of the TMG privileges and shall comply with the requirements of point FCL.135.A(a) on aeroplanes.
  3. Crediting. Applicants with prior experience as PIC may be credited towards the requirements of point (a).
  4. The amount of credit shall be decided by the DTO or the ATO where the pilot undergoes the training course, on the basis of a pre-entry flight test, but shall in any case:

    1. not exceed the total flight time as PIC;
    2. not exceed 50 % of the hours required in point (a);
    3. not include the requirements of point (a)(2).

AMC1 FCL.115.A LAPL(A) – Training course (1) - ED Decision 2020/005/R

CREDITING: PRE-ENTRY FLIGHT TEST

The pre-entry flight test referred to in FCL.110.A(c) should cover the total content of the syllabus of flight instruction for the issuance of the LAPL(A), in accordance with AMC1 FCL.115.

(1) - The correct title should be “AMC1 FCL.110.A – Experience requirements and crediting”, to be corrected with the next AMC amendment.

FCL.135.A LAPL(A) – Extension of privileges to another class or variant of aeroplane - Regulation (EU) 2020/359

  1. The privileges of an LAPL(A) shall be limited to the class and variant of aeroplanes or TMG in which the skill test was taken. This limitation may be removed when the pilot has completed in another class the requirements below:
    1. 3 hours of flight instruction, including:
      1. 10 dual take-offs and landings; and
      2. 10 supervised solo take-offs and landings.
    2. a skill test to demonstrate an adequate level of practical skill in the new class. During this skill test, the applicant shall also demonstrate to the examiner an adequate level of theoretical knowledge for the other class in the following subjects:
      1. Operational procedures;
      2. Flight performance and planning;
      3. Aircraft general knowledge.
  2. In order to extend the privileges to another variant within a class, the pilot shall either undertake differences training or do a familiarisation. The differences training shall be entered in the pilot’s logbook or into an equivalent record and be signed by the instructor.
  3. Applicants for the extension of privileges of the LAPL(A) to TMG who also hold an SPL in accordance with Annex III (Part-SFCL) to Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1976, including the privileges to fly on TMGs, shall receive full credits towards the requirements in paragraph (a).

GM1 FCL.135.A; FCL.135.H - ED Decision 2011/016/R

DIFFERENCES AND FAMILIARISATION TRAINING

  1. Differences training requires the acquisition of additional knowledge and training on an appropriate training device or the aircraft.
  2. Familiarisation training requires the acquisition of additional knowledge.

FCL.140.A LAPL(A) – Recency requirements - Regulation (EU) 2019/1747

  1. Holders of a LAPL(A) shall exercise the privileges of their licence only if in the last 2 years they have met any of the following conditions as pilots of aeroplanes or TMGs:
    1. they have completed at least 12 hours of flight time as PIC or flying dual or solo under the supervision of an instructor, including:
      • 12 take-offs and landings;
      • refresher training of at least 1 hour of total flight time with an instructor;
    2. they have passed a LAPL(A) proficiency check with an examiner. The proficiency check programme shall be based on the skill test for the LAPL(A);
  2. If holders of a LAPL(A) hold both a SEP(land) and a SEP(sea) privilege, they may comply with the requirements in point (a)(1) in either class or a combination thereof which shall be valid for both privileges. For this purpose, at least 1 hour of the required flight time and 6 out of the required 12 take-offs and landings shall be completed in each class.

AMC1 FCL.140.A; FCL.140.S; FCL.740.A(b)(1)(ii) Recency and revalidation requirements - ED Decision 2020/005/R

All hours flown on aeroplanes or sailplanes that are subject to a decision as per Article 2(8) of the Basic Regulation or that are specified in Annex I to the Basic Regulation should count in full towards fulfilling the hourly requirements of points FCL.140.A, FCL.140.S, and FCL.740.A(b)(1)(ii) under the following conditions:

  1. the aircraft matches the definition and criteria of the respective Part-FCL aircraft category, class, and type ratings; and
  2. the aircraft that is used for training flights with an instructor is an Annex-I aircraft of type (a), (b), (c), or (d) that is subject to an authorisation specified in points ORA.ATO.135 or DTO.GEN.240.

AMC1 FCL.140.A; FCL.140.H; FCL.140.S; FCL.140.B Recency requirements - ED Decision 2020/005/R

Training flight items should be based on the exercise items of the proficiency check, as deemed relevant by the instructor, and depending on the experience of the candidate. For aeroplanes and helicopters, the briefing should include a discussion on TEM with special emphasis on decision-making when encountering adverse meteorological conditions or unintentional IMC, as well as on navigation flight capabilities. For sailplanes and balloons, the discussion should place special emphasis on principal occurrence categories of the activity that is covered by the licence.

AMC1 FCL.140.A(b)(1) LAPL(A) Recency requirements - ED Decision 2020/005/R

The proficiency check should follow the content of the skill test that is set out in AMC1 FCL.125, point (e).

Section 3 : LAPL(H) - Specific requirements for the LAPL for helicopters

Non développé ici.