Règlement Européen n° 1178/2011 AIRCREW : Licences de Pilote et Certifications Diverses
Consolidé au 08/04/2020
Annexe I : [PART FCL] - Flight Crew Licencing
SUBPART I – ADDITIONAL RATINGS
FCL.800 Aerobatic rating - Regulation (EU) 2020/359
- Holders of a pilot licence with privileges to fly aeroplanes or TMGs shall undertake
aerobatic flights only if they hold an aerobatic rating in accordance with this point.
- Applicants for an aerobatic rating shall have completed:
- after the issue of the licence, at least 30 hours of flight time as PIC in aeroplanes or TMGs;
- a training course at DTO or at an ATO, including:
- theoretical knowledge instruction appropriate for the rating;
- at least 5 hours of aerobatic instruction in aeroplanes or TMGs flown with engine power.
- The privileges of the aerobatic rating shall be limited to aerobatic flight in either aeroplanes
or TMGs flown with engine power, depending on which aircraft the requirements of (b)(1) and
(b)(2)(ii) were complied with. This limitation shall be lifted upon application if a pilot
has successfully completed at least 3 dual training flights in aeroplanes or TMGs flown with
engine power, as applicable, covering the full aerobatic training syllabus.
- Applicants for an aerobatic rating who also hold a TMG class rating as well as advanced
aerobatic privileges for sailplanes with privileges as specified in point SFCL.200(d) of
Annex III (Part-SFCL) to Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1976 shall:
- be exempted from getting their aerobatic rating limited to aeroplanes, as specified in
paragraph (c) if they have complied with the requirements of (b)(1) and (b)(2)(ii) in
- receive full credit towards the requirements in paragraph (b) for the issue of an aerobatic
rating restricted to TMGs flown with engine power. This limitation shall be lifted upon
application if a pilot has completed the training as specified in paragraph (c).
AMC1 FCL.800 Aerobatic rating - ED Decision 2020/005/R
THEORETICAL KNOWLEDGE AND FLYING TRAINING
FCL.805 Sailplane towing and banner towing ratings - Regulation (EU) 2020/359
FCL.810 Night rating - Regulation (EU) 2020/359
- Aeroplanes, TMGs, airships.
- Applicants shall have completed a training course within a period of up to 6 months at a
DTO or at an ATO to exercise the privileges of an LAPL or a PPL for aeroplanes, TMGs or
airships in VFR conditions at night. The course shall comprise:
- theoretical knowledge instruction;
- at least 5 hours of flight time in the appropriate aircraft category at night, including
at least 3 hours of dual instruction, including at least 1 hour of cross-country navigation
with at least one dual cross-country flight of at least 50 km (27 NM) and 5 solo take-offs
and 5 solo full-stop landings.
- Before completing the training at night, LAPL holders shall have completed the basic
instrument flight training required for the issue of the PPL.
- When applicants hold both a single-engine piston aeroplane (land) and a TMG class rating,
they may complete the requirements in (1) above in either class or both classes.
- Applicants for a night rating for aeroplanes or TMGs in accordance with this subparagraph
shall receive full credit towards the requirements of subparagraphs (1) and (2) if they
hold a TMG night rating in accordance with point SFCL.210 of Annex III (Part-SFCL) to
Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1976 or if they have fulfilled all the requirements
for the issue of that rating.
- Helicopters. If the privileges of a PPL for helicopters are to be exercised in VFR conditions
at night, the applicant shall have:
- completed at least 100 hours of flight time as pilot in helicopters after the issue of
the licence, including at least 60 hours as PIC on helicopters and 20 hours of
- completed a training course at a DTO or at an ATO. The course shall be completed within
a period of six months and comprise
- 5 hours of theoretical knowledge instruction;
- 10 hours of helicopter dual instrument instruction time; and
- 5 hours of flight time at night, including at least 3 hours of dual instruction,
including at least 1 hour of cross-country navigation and 5 solo night circuits.
Each circuit shall include a take-off and a landing.
- An applicant who holds or has held an IR in an aeroplane or TMG, shall be credited with
5 hours towards the requirement in (2)(ii) above.
AMC1 FCL.810(a) Night rating - ED Decision 2020/005/R
AEROPLANE NIGHT RATING COURSE
- The aim of the course is to qualify holders of Part-FCL licences with privileges to fly aeroplanes
or TMGs to exercise their privileges at night.
- The ATO or DTO should issue a certificate of satisfactory completion of the instruction that can
be used for licence endorsement.
- Theoretical knowledge : The theoretical knowledge syllabus should cover the revision or explanation of :
- night VMC minima
- rules about airspace control at night and facilities available
- rules about aerodrome ground, runway, and obstruction lighting
- aircraft navigation lights and collision avoidance rules
- physiological aspects of night vision and orientation
- dangers of disorientation at night
- dangers of weather deterioration at night
- instrument systems or functions and errors
- instrument lighting and emergency cockpit lighting systems
- map marking for use under cockpit lighting
- practical navigation principles
- radio navigation principles
- planning and use of safety altitude, and
- danger from icing conditions, as well as from avoidance and escape manoeuvres.
- Flying training : The exercises of the night rating flight syllabus should
be repeated as necessary until the student achieves a safe and competent standard.
- In all cases, exercises 4 to 7 of the night rating flight syllabus should be completed in an
aeroplane or TMG.
- For exercises 1 to 3, up to 50 % of the required flight training may be completed in an
FSTD(A). However, each item of exercises 1 to 3 should be completed in an aeroplane or
TMG in flight.
- Starred items (*) should be completed in simulated IMC and may be completed in
- The flying exercises should comprise :
- exercise 1 :
- revise basic manoeuvres when flying by sole reference to instruments (*)
- explain and demonstrate transition from visual flight to instrument flight (*), and
- explain and revise recovery from unusual attitudes by sole reference to
- exercise 2 :
- explain and demonstrate the use of radio navigation aids when flying by sole
reference to instruments, to include position finding and tracking (*)
- exercise 3 :
- explain and demonstrate the use of radar assistance (*)
- exercise 4 :
- explain and demonstrate night take-off techniques
- explain and demonstrate night circuit techniques
- explain and demonstrate night approaches with or without visual approach aids, and
- practise take-offs, circuits, as well as approaches and landings
- exercise 5 : explain and demonstrate night emergency procedures including :
- simulated engine failure (to be terminated with recovery at a safe altitude)
- simulated engine failure at various phases of flight
- simulated inadvertent entry to IMC (not on base leg or final approach)
- internal and external lighting failure, and
- other malfunctions and emergency procedures, as required by the AFM
- exercise 6 :
- solo night circuits, and
- exercise 7 :
- explain and demonstrate night cross-country techniques, and
- practise night cross-country dual flight and optionally supervised solo to a
FCL.815 Mountain rating - Regulation (EU) 2020/359
FCL.820 Flight test rating - Regulation (EU) 2016/539
FCL.825 En route instrument rating (EIR) - Regulation (EU) 2015/445
(deleted with Regulation (EU) 2020/359, last day of application 7.9.2021)
FCL.835 Basic instrument rating (BIR) - Regulation (EU) 2020/359
(applicable from 8.9.2021)