Eole Air Passion

AIRCREW - Licences de Pilote et Certifications Diverses

Règlement Européen n° 1178/2011 AIRCREW : Licences de Pilote et Certifications Diverses
Consolidé au 08/04/2020

Annexe I : [PART FCL] - Flight Crew Licencing

SUBPART C – PRIVATE PILOT LICENCE (PPL)

SECTION 1 – COMMON REQUIREMENTS

FCL.200 Minimum age - Regulation (EU) 2020/359

Applicants for a PPL shall be at least 17 years old.

FCL.205 Conditions - Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011

Applicants for the issue of a PPL shall have fulfilled the requirements for the class or type rating for the aircraft used in the skill test, as established in Subpart H.

FCL.210 Training course - Regulation (EU) 2020/359

  1. Applicants for a PPL shall complete a training course at an ATO or a DTO.
  2. The course shall include theoretical knowledge and flight instruction appropriate to the privileges of the PPL applied for.
  3. Theoretical knowledge instruction and flight instruction may be completed at a DTO or at an ATO different from the one where applicants have commenced their training.

AMC1 FCL.210 PPL(A) Training course - ED Decision 2020/005/R

FLIGHT INSTRUCTION FOR THE PPL(A)

  1. Entry to training
  2. Before being accepted for training an applicant should be informed that the appropriate medical certificate must be obtained before solo flying is permitted.

  3. Flight instruction
    1. The PPL(A) flight instruction syllabus takes into account the principles of threat and error management and also covers:
      1. pre-flight operations, including mass and balance determination, aircraft inspection and servicing;
      2. aerodrome and traffic pattern operations, collision avoidance precautions and procedures;
      3. control of the aircraft by external visual reference;
      4. flight at critically low air speeds, recognition of, and recovery from, incipient and full stalls;
      5. flight at critically high air speeds, recognition of, and recovery from, spiral dive;
      6. normal and crosswind take-offs and landings;
      7. maximum performance (short field and obstacle clearance) take-offs, short-field landings;
      8. flight by reference solely to instruments, including the completion of a level 180 ° turn;
      9. cross-country flying using visual reference, dead reckoning and radio navigation aids;
      10. emergency operations, including simulated aeroplane equipment malfunctions;
      11. ooperations to, from and transiting controlled aerodromes, compliance with air traffic services procedures, communication procedures and phraseology.
    2. Before allowing applicants to undertake their first solo flight, the FI should ensure that the applicants can use R/T communication can operate the required systems and equipment.
  4. Syllabus of flight instruction
    1. The numbering of exercises should be used primarily as an exercise reference list and as a broad instructional sequencing guide; therefore the demonstrations and practices need not necessarily be given in the order listed. The actual order and content will depend upon the following interrelated factors:
      1. the applicant’s progress and ability;
      2. the weather conditions affecting the flight;
      3. the flight time available;
      4. instructional technique considerations;
      5. the local operating environment;
      6. applicability of the exercises to the aeroplane.
    2. Each of the exercises involves the need for the applicant to be aware of the needs of good airmanship and look-out, which should be emphasised at all times.
      1. Exercise 1a: Familiarisation with the aeroplane:
        1. characteristics of the aeroplane;
        2. cockpit layout;
        3. systems;
        4. checklists, drills and controls.
      2. Exercise 1b: Emergency drills:
        1. action if fire on the ground and in the air;
        2. engine cabin and electrical system fire;
        3. systems failure;
        4. escape drills, location and use of emergency equipment and exits.
      3. Exercise 2: Preparation for and action after flight:
        1. flight authorisation and aeroplane acceptance;
        2. serviceability documents;
        3. equipment required, maps, etc.;
        4. external checks;
        5. internal checks;
        6. harness, seat or rudder panel adjustments;
        7. starting and warm-up checks;
        8. power checks;
        9. running down system checks and switching off the engine;
        10. parking, security and picketing (for example tie down);
        11. completion of authorisation sheet and serviceability documents.
      4. Exercise 3: Air experience: flight exercise.
      5. Exercise 4: Effects of controls:
        1. primary effects when laterally level and when banked;
        2. further effects of aileron and rudder;
        3. effects of:
          1. air speed;
          2. slipstream;
          3. power;
          4. trimming controls;
          5. flaps;
          6. other controls, as applicable.
        4. operation of:
          1. mixture control;
          2. carburettor heat;
          3. cabin heating or ventilation.
      6. Exercise 5a: Taxiing:
        1. pre-taxi checks;
        2. starting, control of speed and stopping;
        3. engine handling;
        4. control of direction and turning;
        5. turning in confined spaces;
        6. parking area procedure and precautions;
        7. effects of wind and use of flying controls;
        8. effects of ground surface;
        9. freedom of rudder movement;
        10. marshalling signals;
        11. instrument checks;
        12. air traffic control procedures.
      7. Exercise 5b: Emergencies: brake and steering failure.
      8. Exercise 6: Straight and level:
        1. at normal cruising power, attaining and maintaining straight and level flight;
        2. flight at critically high air speeds;
        3. demonstration of inherent stability;
        4. control in pitch, including use of trim;
        5. lateral level, direction and balance, trim;
        6. at selected air speeds (use of power);
        7. during speed and configuration changes;
        8. use of instruments for precision.
      9. Exercise 7: Climbing:
        1. entry, maintaining the normal and max rate climb, levelling off;
        2. levelling off at selected altitudes;
        3. en-route climb (cruise climb);
        4. climbing with flap down;
        5. recovery to normal climb;
        6. maximum angle of climb;
        7. use of instruments for precision.
      10. Exercise 8: Descending:
        1. entry, maintaining and levelling off;
        2. levelling off at selected altitudes;
        3. glide, powered and cruise descent (including effect of power and air speed);
        4. side slipping (on suitable types);
        5. use of instruments for precision flight.
      11. Exercise 9: Turning:
        1. entry and maintaining medium level turns;
        2. resuming straight flight;
        3. faults in the turn (in correct pitch, bank and balance);
        4. climbing turns;
        5. descending turns;
        6. faults in the turns (slipping and skidding on suitable types);
        7. turns onto selected headings, use of gyro heading indicator and compass;
        8. use of instruments for precision.
      12. Exercise 10a: Slow flight:
      13. Note: the objective is to improve the student’s ability to recognise inadvertent flight at critically low speeds and provide practice in maintaining the aeroplane in balance while returning to normal air speed.

        1. safety checks;
        2. introduction to slow flight;
        3. controlled flight down to critically slow air speed;
        4. application of full power with correct attitude and balance to achieve normal climb speed.
      14. Exercise 10b: Stalling:
        1. safety checks;
        2. symptoms;
        3. recognition;
        4. clean stall and recovery without power and with power;
        5. recovery when a wing drops;
        6. approach to stall in the approach and in the landing configurations, with and without power and recovery at the incipient stage.
      15. Exercise 11: Spin avoidance:
        1. safety checks;
        2. stalling and recovery at the incipient spin stage (stall with excessive wing drop, about 45°);
        3. instructor induced distractions during the stall.
        4. Note 1: at least two hours of stall awareness and spin avoidance flight training should be completed during the course.

          Note 2: consideration of manoeuvre limitations and the need to refer to the aeroplane manual and mass and balance calculations.

      16. Exercise 12: Take-off and climb to downwind position:
        1. pre-take-off checks;
        2. into wind take-off;
        3. safeguarding the nose wheel;
        4. crosswind take-off;
        5. drills during and after take-off;
        6. short take-off and soft field procedure or techniques including performance calculations;
        7. noise abatement procedures.
      17. Exercise 13: Circuit, approach and landing:
        1. circuit procedures, downwind and base leg;
        2. powered approach and landing;
        3. safeguarding the nose wheel;
        4. effect of wind on approach and touchdown speeds and use of flaps;
        5. crosswind approach and landing;
        6. glide approach and landing;
        7. short landing and soft field procedures or techniques;
        8. flapless approach and landing;
        9. wheel landing (tail wheel aeroplanes);
        10. missed approach and go-around;
        11. noise abatement procedures.
      18. Exercise 12/13: Emergencies:
        1. abandoned take-off;
        2. engine failure after take-off;
        3. mislanding and go-around;
        4. missed approach.
        5. NNote: in the interests of safety it will be necessary for pilots trained on nose wheel aeroplanes to undergo dual conversion training before flying tail wheel aeroplanes, and vice-versa.

      19. Exercise 14: First solo:
        1. instructor’s briefing, observation of flight and de-briefing;
        2. Note: during flights immediately following the solo circuit consolidation the following should be revised:

        3. procedures for leaving and rejoining the circuit;
        4. the local area, restrictions, map reading;
        5. use of radio aids for homing;
        6. turns using magnetic compass, compass errors.
      20. Exercise 15: Advanced turning:
        1. steep turns (45 °), level and descending;
        2. stalling in the turn and recovery;
        3. recoveries from unusual attitudes, including spiral dives.
      21. Exercise 16: Forced landing without power:
        1. forced landing procedure;
        2. choice of landing area, provision for change of plan;
        3. gliding distance;
        4. descent plan;
        5. key positions;
        6. engine cooling;
        7. engine failure checks;
        8. use of radio;
        9. base leg;
        10. final approach;
        11. landing;
        12. actions after landing.
      22. Exercise 17: Precautionary landing:
        1. full procedure away from aerodrome to break-off height;
        2. occasions necessitating;
        3. in-flight conditions;
        4. landing area selection:
          1. normal aerodrome;
          2. disused aerodrome;
          3. ordinary field.
        5. circuit and approach;
        6. actions after landing.
      23. Exercise 18a: Navigation:
        1. flight planning:
          1. weather forecast and actuals;
          2. map selection and preparation:
            1. choice of route;
            2. controlled airspace;
            3. danger, prohibited and restricted areas;
            4. safety altitudes.
          3. calculations:
            1. magnetic heading(s) and time(s) en-route;
            2. fuel consumption;
            3. mass and balance;
            4. mass and performance.
          4. flight information:
            1. NOTAMs, etc.;
            2. radio frequencies;
            3. selection of alternate aerodromes.
          5. aeroplane documentation;
          6. notification of the flight:
            1. pre-flight administrative procedures;
            2. flight plan form.
        2. departure:
          1. organisation of cockpit workload;
          2. departure procedures:
            1. altimeter settings;
            2. ATC liaison in regulated airspace;
            3. setting heading procedure;
            4. noting of ETAs.
          3. maintenance of altitude and heading;
          4. revisions of ETA and heading;
          5. log keeping;
          6. use of radio;
          7. use of navaids;
          8. minimum weather conditions for continuation of flight;
          9. in-flight decisions;
          10. transiting controlled or regulated airspace;
          11. diversion procedures;
          12. uncertainty of position procedure;
          13. lost procedure.
        3. arrival and aerodrome joining procedure:
          1. ATC liaison in controlled or regulated airspace;
          2. altimeter setting;
          3. entering the traffic pattern;
          4. circuit procedures;
          5. parking;
          6. security of aeroplane;
          7. refuelling;
          8. closing of flight plan, if appropriate;
          9. post-flight administrative procedures.
      24. Exercise 18b: Navigation problems at lower levels and in reduced visibility:
        1. actions before descending;
        2. hazards (for example obstacles, and terrain);
        3. difficulties of map reading;
        4. effects of wind and turbulence;
        5. vertical situational awareness (avoidance of controlled flight into terrain);
        6. avoidance of noise sensitive areas;
        7. joining the circuit;
        8. bad weather circuit and landing.
      25. Exercise 18c: Radio navigation:
        1. use of GNSS:
          1. selection of waypoints or stations;
          2. to or from indications and orientation;
          3. error messages.
        2. use of VOR (VHF Omni Range):
          1. availability, AIP and frequencies;
          2. selection and identification;
          3. OBS;
          4. to or from indications and orientation;
          5. CDI;
          6. determination of radial;
          7. intercepting and maintaining a radial;
          8. VOR passage;
          9. obtaining a fix from two VORs.
        3. use of ADF equipment: NDBs:
          1. availability, AIP and frequencies;
          2. selection and identification;
          3. orientation relative to the beacon;
          4. homing.
        4. use of VHF/DF:
          1. availability, AIP and frequencies;
          2. R/T procedures and ATC liaison;
          3. obtaining a QDM and homing.
        5. use of en-route or terminal radar:
          1. availability and AIP;
          2. procedures and ATC liaison;
          3. pilot’s responsibilities;
          4. secondary surveillance radar:
            1. transponders;
            2. code selection;
            3. interrogation and reply.
        6. use of DME:
          1. station selection and identification;
          2. modes of operation: distance, groundspeed and time to run.
      26. Exercise 19: Basic instrument flight:
        1. physiological sensations;
        2. instrument appreciation; attitude instrument flight;
        3. instrument limitations;
        4. basic manoeuvres:
          1. straight and level at various air speeds and configurations;
          2. climbing and descending;
          3. standard rate turns, climbing and descending, onto selected headings;
          4. recoveries from climbing and descending turns.
  5. BITD (Basic Instrument Training Device)
    1. A BITD may be used for flight training for:
      1. flight by reference solely to instruments;
      2. navigation using radio navigation aids;
      3. basic instrument flight.
    2. The use of the BITD should be subject to the following:
      1. the training should be complemented by exercises on an aeroplane;
      2. the record of the parameters of the flight must be available;
      3. A FI(A) or STI(A) should conduct the instruction.

AMC2 FCL.210 PPL(H) – Training course - ED Decision 2020/005/R

Voir règlementation.

AMC1 FCL.210(c) Training course - ED Decision 2018/009/R

CHANGE OF TRAINING ORGANISATION

In cases where the applicant completes the training course (theoretical knowledge instruction or flight instruction) at a different DTO or ATO (‘completing training organisation’) from the one where they have started the training course (‘starting training organisation’), the applicant should request from the starting training organisation a copy of the records kept in accordance with point DTO.GEN.220 or point ORA.ATO.120.

FCL.215 Theoretical knowledge examination - Regulation (EU) 2020/359

  1. Applicants for a PPL shall demonstrate a level of theoretical knowledge appropriate to the privileges granted through examinations in the following subjects:
    1. common subjects:
      • Air law,
      • Human performance,
      • Meteorology,
      • Communications, and
      • Navigation.
    2. specific subjects concerning the different aircraft categories:
      • Principles of flight,
      • Operational procedures,
      • Flight performance and planning, and
      • Aircraft general knowledge.

AMC1 FCL.210; FCL.215 Training course and theoretical knowledge examination - ED Decision 2020/005/R

SYLLABUS OF THEORETICAL KNOWLEDGE FOR THE PPL(A) AND PPL(H)

The following tables contain the syllabi for the courses of theoretical knowledge, as well as for the theoretical knowledge examinations for the PPL(A) and PPL(H). The training and examination should cover aspects related to non-technical skills in an integrated manner, taking into account the particular risks associated to the licence and the activity.

The DTO or the ATO responsible for the training should check if all the appropriate elements of the training course of theoretical knowledge instruction have been completed to a satisfactory standard before recommending the applicant for the examination.

The applicable items for each licence are marked with ‘x’. An ‘x’ on the main title of a subject means that all the sub-divisions are applicable.

Consulter la règlementation.

AMC2 FCL.210; FCL.215 - ED Decision 2011/016/R

SYLLABUS OF THEORETICAL KNOWLEDGE FOR THE PPL(AS)

The following table contains the syllabi for the courses of theoretical knowledge, as well as for the theoretical knowledge examinations for the PPL(As). The training and examination should cover aspects related to non-technical skills in an integrated manner, taking into account the particular risks associated to the licence and the activity.

Consulter la règlementation.

AMC3 FCL.210; FCL.215 Training course and theoretical knowledge examination - ED Decision 2020/005/R

SYLLABUS OF THEORETICAL KNOWLEDGE FOR THE BPL AND SPL

The syllabi for the theoretical knowledge instruction and examination for the LAPL(B) and LAPL(S) in AMC1 FCL.115; FCL.120 should be used for the BPL and SPL, respectively.

FCL.235 Skill test - Regulation (EU) 2020/2193

  1. Through the completion of a skill test, applicants for a PPL shall demonstrate the ability to perform as PIC on the appropriate aircraft category the relevant procedures and manoeuvres with the competency appropriate to the privileges granted.’;
  2. Applicants for the skill test shall have received flight instruction on the same class or type of aircraft to be used for the skill test.
  3. Pass marks
    1. The skill test shall be divided into different sections, representing all the different phases of flight appropriate to the category of aircraft flown.
    2. Failure in any item of a section will cause the applicant to fail the entire section. If the applicant fails only 1 section, he/she shall repeat only that section. Failure in more than 1 section will cause the applicant to fail the entire test.
    3. When the test needs to be repeated in accordance with (2), failure in any section, including those that have been passed on a previous attempt, will cause the applicant to fail the entire test.
    4. Failure to achieve a pass in all sections of the test in 2 attempts will require further training.

AMC1 FCL.125; FCL.235 - ED Decision 2011/016/R

CONTENTS OF THE SKILL TEST FOR THE ISSUE OF A LAPL(S) AND OF AN SPL

Voir règlementation

AMC2 FCL.125; FCL.235 - ED Decision 2011/016/R

CONTENTS OF THE SKILL TEST FOR THE ISSUE OF A LAPL(B) AND A BPL

Voir règlementation

AMC1 FCL.125; FCL.235 - ED Decision 2011/016/R

THEORETICAL KNOWLEDGE EXAMINATION AND SKILL TEST FOR THE PPL

  1. Theoretical knowledge examination
    1. The examinations should comprise a total of 120 multiple-choice questions covering all the subjects.
    2. Communication practical classroom testing may be conducted.
    3. The period of 18 months mentioned in FCL.025(b)(2) should be counted from the end of the calendar month when the applicant first attempted an examination.
  2. Skill test
  3. Further training may be required following any failed skill test or part thereof. There should be no limit to the number of skill tests that may be attempted.

  4. Conduct of the test
    1. If the applicant chooses to terminate a skill test for reasons considered inadequate by the FE, the applicant should retake the entire skill test. If the test is terminated for reasons considered adequate by the FE, only those sections not completed should be tested in a further flight.
    2. Any manoeuvre or procedure of the test may be repeated once by the applicant. The FE may stop the test at any stage if it is considered that the applicant’s demonstration of flying skill requires a complete retest.
    3. An applicant should be required to fly the aircraft from a position where the PIC functions can be performed and to carry out the test as if there is no other crew member. Responsibility for the flight should be allocated in accordance with national regulations.

AMC1 FCL.235 Skill test - ED Decision 2011/016/R

CONTENTS OF THE SKILL TEST FOR THE ISSUE OF A PPL(A)

  1. The route to be flown for the navigation test should be chosen by the FE. The route may end at the aerodrome of departure or at another aerodrome. The applicant should be responsible for the flight planning and should ensure that all equipment and documentation for the execution of the flight are on board. The navigation section of the test should have a duration that allows the pilot to demonstrate his/her ability to complete a route with at least three identified waypoints and may, as agreed between the applicant and FE, be flown as a separate test.
  2. An applicant should indicate to the FE the checks and duties carried out, including the identification of radio facilities. Checks should be completed in accordance with the authorised checklist for the aeroplane on which the test is being taken. During pre-flight preparation for the test the applicant should be required to determine power settings and speeds. Performance data for take-off, approach and landing should be calculated by the applicant in compliance with the operations manual or flight manual for the aeroplane used.

FLIGHT TEST TOLERANCE

  1. The applicant should demonstrate the ability to:
    1. operate the aeroplane within its limitations;
    2. complete all manoeuvres with smoothness and accuracy;
    3. exercise good judgment and airmanship;
    4. apply aeronautical knowledge;
    5. maintain control of the aeroplane at all times in such a manner that the successful outcome of a procedure or manoeuvre is never seriously in doubt.
  2. The following limits are for general guidance. The FE should make allowance for turbulent conditions and the handling qualities and performance of the aeroplane used:
    1. height:
      1. normal flight ± 150 ft
      2. with simulated engine failure ± 200 ft (if ME aeroplane is used)
    2. heading or tracking of radio aids:
      1. normal flight ± 10°
      2. with simulated engine failure ± 15° (if ME aeroplane is used)
    3. speed:
      1. take-off and approach +15/-5 knots
      2. all other flight regimes ± 15 knots

CONTENT OF THE SKILL TEST

  1. The skill test contents and sections set out in this AMC should be used for the skill test for the issue of a PPL(A) on SE and ME aeroplanes or on TMGs.
SECTION 1 PRE-FLIGHT OPERATIONS AND DEPARTURE
Use of checklist, airmanship, control of aeroplane by external visual reference, anti/de-icing procedures, etc. apply in all sections.
a Pre-flight documentation, NOTAM and weather briefing
b Mass and balance and performance calculation
c Aeroplane inspection and servicing
d Engine starting and after starting procedures
e Taxiing and aerodrome procedures, pre-take-off procedures
f Take-off and after take-off checks
g Aerodrome departure procedures
h ATC compliance and R/T procedures
SECTION 2 GENERAL AIRWORK
a ATC compliance and R/T procedures
b Straight and level flight, with speed changes
c Climbing:
  1. best rate of climb;
  2. climbing turns
  3. levelling off.
d Medium (30° bank) turns, look-out procedures and collision avoidance
e Steep (45 ° bank) turns (including recognition and recovery from a spiral dive)/td>
f Flight at critically low air speed with and without flaps
g

Stalling:

  1. clean stall and recover with power;
  2. approach to stall descending turn with bank angle 20°, approach configuration;
  3. approach to stall in landing configuration.
h

Descending:

  1. with and without power;
  2. descending turns (steep gliding turns);
  3. levelling off.
SECTION 3 EN-ROUTE PROCEDURES
a Flight plan, dead reckoning and map reading
b Maintenance of altitude, heading and speed
c Orientation, timing and revision of ETAs and log keeping
d Diversion to alternate aerodrome (planning and implementation)
e Use of radio navigation aids
f Basic instrument flying check (180° turn in simulated IMC)
g Flight management (checks, fuel systems, carburettor icing, etc.)
h ATC compliance and R/T procedures
SECTION 4 APPROACH AND LANDING PROCEDURES
a Aerodrome arrival procedures
b (*) Precision landing (short field landing) and crosswind, if suitable conditions available
c (*) Flapless landing (if applicable)
d (*) Approach to landing with idle power (SE only)
e Touch and go
f Go-around from low height
g ATC compliance and R/T procedures
h Actions after flight
SECTION 5 ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
This section may be combined with Sections 1 through 4
a Simulated engine failure after take-off (SE only)
b (*) Simulated forced landing (SE only)
c Simulated precautionary landing (SE only)
d Simulated emergencies
e Oral questions
SECTION 6 SIMULATED ASYMMETRIC FLIGHT AND RELEVANT CLASS OR TYPE ITEMS
This section may be combined with sections 1 through 5
a Simulated engine failure during take-off (at a safe altitude unless carried out in an FFS)
b Asymmetric approach and go-around
c Asymmetric approach and full stop landing
d Engine shutdown and restart
e ATC compliance, R/T procedures or airmanship
f As determined by the FE: any relevant items of the class or type rating skill test to include, if applicable:
  1. aeroplane systems including handling of auto pilot;
  2. operation of pressurisation system;
  3. use of de-icing and anti-icing system.
g Oral questions

(*) These items may be combined, at the discretion of the FE.

AMC2 FCL.235 Skill test - ED Decision 2011/016/R

CONTENTS OF THE SKILL TEST FOR THE ISSUE OF A PPL(H)

Voir règlementation.

AMC3 FCL.235 Skill test - ED Decision 2011/016/R

CONTENT OF THE SKILL TEST FOR THE ISSUE OF THE PPL(AS)

Voir règlementation.

SECTION 2 – SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR THE PPL AEROPLANES – PPL(A)

FCL.205.A PPL(A) – Privileges - Regulation (EU) 2019/1747

  1. The privileges of the holders of a PPL(A) are to act without remuneration as PIC or co-pilots of aeroplanes or TMGs engaged in non-commercial operations and to exercise all privileges of holders of an LAPL(A).
  2. Notwithstanding the paragraph above, the holder of a PPL(A) with instructor or examiner privileges may receive remuneration for:
    1. the provision of flight instruction for the LAPL(A) or PPL(A);
    2. the conduct of skill tests and proficiency checks for these licences;
    3. the training, testing and checking for the ratings or certificates attached to this licence.

FCL.210.A PPL(A) – Experience requirements and crediting - Regulation (EU) 2020/359

  1. Applicants for a PPL(A) shall have completed at least 45 hours of flight instruction in aeroplanes or TMGs, 5 of which may have been completed in an FSTD, including at least:
    1. 25 hours of dual flight instruction; and
    2. 10 hours of supervised solo flight time, including at least 5 hours of solo cross-country flight time with at least 1 cross-country flight of at least 270 km (150 NM), during which full stop landings at 2 aerodromes different from the aerodrome of departure shall be made.
  2. Specific requirements for applicants holding an LAPL(A). Applicants for a PPL(A) holding an LAPL(A) shall have completed at least 15 hours of flight time on aeroplanes after the issue of the LAPL(A), of which at least 10 shall be flight instruction completed in a training course at a DTO or at an ATO. That training course shall include at least four hours of supervised solo flight time, including at least two hours of solo cross-country flight time with at least one cross-country flight of at least 270 km (150 NM), during which full stop landings at two aerodromes different from the aerodrome of departure shall be made.
  3. Specific requirements for applicants who hold an SPL issued in accordance with Annex III (Part-SFCL) to Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1976, including privileges to fly TMGs. Applicants for a PPL(A) who hold an SPL with the privileges to fly TMGs shall have completed:
    1. at least 24 hours of flight time on TMGs after endorsement of the TMG privileges; and
    2. at least 15 hours of flight instruction in aeroplanes in a training course at a DTO or at an ATO, including at least the requirements of point (a)(2).
  4. Crediting. Applicants holding a pilot licence for another category of aircraft, with the exception of balloons, shall be credited with 10 % of their total flight time as PIC on such aircraft up to a maximum of 10 hours. The amount of credit given shall in any case not include the requirements in (a)(2).

SECTION 3 – SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR THE PPL HELICOPTERS – PPL(H)

Voir règlementation.

SECTION 4 – SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR THE PPL AIRSHIPS – PPL(AS)

Voir règlementation.